A new version 4.21 of the XPLAN_ASH utility is available for download. I publish this version because it will be used in the recent video tutorials explaining the Active Session History functionality of the script.
This is mainly a maintenance release that fixes some incompatibilities of the 4.2 version with less recent versions (10.2 and 188.8.131.52).
As an extra however, this version now differentiates between general CPU usage and in-memory CPU usage (similar to 184.108.40.206 Real-Time SQL Monitoring). This is not done in all possible sections of the output yet, but the most important ones are already covered.
I finally got around preparing another part of the XPLAN_ASH video tutorial.
This part is about the main funcationality of XPLAN_ASH: SQL statement execution analysis using Active Session History and Real-Time SQL Monitoring.
In this video tutorial I'll explain what the output of XPLAN_ASH is supposed to mean when using the Active Session History functionality of the script. Before diving into the details of the script output using sample reports I provide some overview and introduction in this part that hopefully makes it simpler to understand how the output is organized and what it is supposed to mean.
This is the initial, general introduction part. More parts to follow.
Now that I've shown in the previous post in general that sometimes Parallel Execution plans might end up with unnecessary BUFFER SORT operations, let's have a look what particular side effects are possible due to this.
What would you say if someone tells you that (s)he just did a simple, straightforward "SELECT * FROM TABLE" that took several minutes to execute without returning, only to then error out with "ORA-01652 unable to extend temp segment", and the TABLE in question is actually nothing but a simple, partitioned heap table, so no special tricks, no views, synonyms, VPD etc. involved, it's really just a plain simple table?
When using Parallel Execution, depending on the plan shape and the operations used, Oracle sometimes needs to turn non-blocking operations into blocking operations, which means in this case that the row source no longer passes its output data directly to the parent operation but buffers some data temporarily in PGA memory / TEMP. This is either accomplished via the special HASH JOIN BUFFERED operation, or simply by adding BUFFER SORT operations to the plan.The reason for such a behaviour in parallel plans is the limitation of Oracle Parallel Execution that allows only a single data redistribution to be active concurrently.
A new version 4.2 of the XPLAN_ASH utility is available for download.
There were no too significant changes in this release, mainly some new sections related to I/O figures were added.
One thing to note is that some of the sections in recent releases may require a linesize larger than 700, so the script's settings have been changed to 800. If you use corresponding settings for CMD.EXE under Windows for example you might have to adjust accordingly to prevent ugly line wrapping.
Here are the notes from the change log:
- New sections "Concurrent activity I/O Summary based on ASH" and "Concurrent activity I/O Summary per Instance based on ASH" to see the I/O activity summary for concurrent activity
There are at least three different ways how the Oracle optimizer can come up with a so called TEMP table transformation, that is materializing an intermediate result set:- As part of a star transformation the repeated access to dimensions can be materialized- As part of evaluating GROUPING SETs intermediate result sets can be materialized- Common Subquery/Table Expressions (CTE, WITH clause)Probably the most common usage of the materialization is in conjunction with the WITH clause.This is nothing new but since I came across this issue several times recently, here's a short demonstration and a reminder that this so called "TEMP Table Transformation" - at least in the context of the WITH clause - isn't really cost-based, in contrast to most other optimizer transformations nowadays - although the unnest transformation of subqueries also has a "no-brainer" variant where costing isn't considered.The logic simp
Source database datasheet:
Source database datasheet:
I did a quick update of my Oracle installation articles on Oracle Linux 7. The last time I ran through them was with the beta version OL7 and before the release of 220.127.116.11.
The installation process of 18.104.22.168 on the production release of Oracle Linux 7 hasn’t changed since the beta. The installation of 22.214.171.124 on Oracle Linux 7 is a lot neater than the 126.96.36.199 installation. It’s totally problem free for a basic installation.
You can see the articles here.
[oracle@dev-6 alert]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 188.8.131.52.0 Production on Tue Jul 1 09:34:18 2014
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 184.108.40.206.0 - 64bit Production