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NVMe the afterburner for your database

Over 1 million IOPS (@8 KByte) and more than 26 GByte/s (@1MByte): Read more to see all impressive benchmark figures from a server with 14 NVMe drives and read why this is still not the best you could get…


End of last year, I have gotten a call from Huawei. They (finally) agreed to provide me a server with their enterprise NVMe drives for performance testing.
To say that I was delighted is a huge understatement. It felt like an 8-year old waiting for Christmas to get his present.

Choosing the right hardware for a database server is always important and challenging. Only if you build a rock-solid, stable and performant base you can build a reliable database service with predictable performance. Sounds expensive and most of the time, it is, but NVMe drives can be a game-changer in this field.

Should I go for ODA 19.5 or should I wait until 19.6?

Introduction

As you may know, Oracle Database 19c is available for new (X8-2) or older Oracle Database Appliances since several weeks. Current version is 19.5. But when you go to the official ODA documentation , it still first proposes version 18.7 not compatible with 19c databases. Here is why.

19c database is the final 12.2

First of all, 19c is an important release because it’s the terminal release of the 12.2, as 11.2.0.4 was for 11.2. Please refer to my other blog to understand the new Oracle versioning. ODA always supports new releases few months after being available on Linux, and it’s why it’s only available now.

12c Multitenant Internals: VPD for V$ views

I described in an earlier post on AWR views how the dictionary views were using metadata and object links to show information from other containers. But this mechanism cannot work for fixed views (aka V$) because they don’t have their definition in the dictionary.

The big difference is that most of V$ views are available long before the dictionary is opened or even created. Just start an instance in NOMOUNT and you can query the V$ views. Even in multitenant, you can switch to different containers in MOUNT, and query V$ views, when no dictionary is opened.

12cR2 Application Containers and Foreign Keys

Application Container brings a new way to share data among databases, and adds a new dimension to referential integrity. A foreign key in an application PDB can reference a row belonging to a root data link table. But then, should a delete on the root validate that there are no orpheans in the application PDBs? And what if those PDBs are closed at the time of this delete? Here is a small example.

If you run this in 12.2.0.1 you will get an error because the search for parent key is done only on the current container. This is considered as a bug: 21955394: CDB:ORA-02291 WHEN FOREIGN KEY REFERS TO THE PRIMARY KEY IN DATA LINK

The example that follows is run with the patch applied to fix this bug.

12c NSSn process for Data Guard SYNC transport

In a previous post https://blog.dbi-services.com/dataguard-wait-events-have-changed-in-12c/ I mentioned the new processes NSA for ASYNC transport and NSS for SYNC transport. I’m answering a bit late to a comment about the number of processes: yes there is one NSSn process per LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n destination in SYNC and the numbers match.

Here is my configuration with two physical standby:
DGMGRL> show configuration
 
Configuration - orcl
 
Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
Members:
orcla - Primary database
orclb - Physical standby database
orclc - Physical standby database
 
Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED
 
Configuration Status:
SUCCESS (status updated 56 seconds ago)

12cR2 auditing all users with a role granted

12.1 introduced Unified Auditing where you define policies and then enable them. As with the traditional audit, you enable them for all users or for specific users. The unified auditing adds a syntax to audit all users except some listed ones. 12.2 adds a syntax to audit a group of users, defined by the role granted. This is the best way to enable a policy for a group of users, including those created later.

I create a simple policy, to audit logon and DBA role usage:

SQL> create audit policy DEMO_POLICY actions logon, roles DBA;
Audit POLICY created.

I create a new DBA user, USER1

SQL> create user USER1 identified by covfefe quota unlimited on USERS;
User USER1 created.
SQL> grant DBA to USER1;
Grant succeeded.

I want to enable the policy for this user because I want to audit all DBAs

New release model for JUL17 (or Oracle 17.3): RU and RUR

Updated June 5th

When reading about new version numbering in SQL Developer, I took the risk to change the title and guess the future version number for Oracle Database: Oracle 17.3 for the July (Q3) of 2017. Of course, this is just a guess.

Updated June 10th

Confirming the previous guess, we start to see some bugs planned to be fixed in version 18.1 which is probably the January 2018 Release Update.
Capture18.1

Oracle 12cR2: exchange partition deferred invalidation

In a previous post I introduced the new 12cR2 feature where some DDL operations can use the same rolling invalidation than what is done with dbms_stats. On tables, DDL deferred invalidation is available only for operations on partitions. Here is how it works for partition exchange.

Here is my session environment:

SQL> whenever sqlerror exit failure
SQL> alter session set nls_date_format='hh24:mi:ss';
Session altered.
SQL> alter session set session_cached_cursors=0;
Session altered.
SQL> alter session set optimizer_dynamic_sampling=0;
Session altered.
SQL> alter system set "_optimizer_invalidation_period"=5;
System SET altered.
SQL> show user
USER is "DEMO"

Which privilege for CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE from DB LINK?

When cloning a PDB from a remote CDB you need to define a database link to be used in the CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE … FROM …@… command. The documentation is not completely clear about the privileges required on the source for the user defined in the database link, so here are the different possibilities.

Remote clone

Here is what the documentation says:CapturePDBPrivsClone

So you can connect to the CDB or to the PDB.

12cR2 needs to connect with password for Cross-PDB DML

In a previous post, I explained that Cross-PDB DML, executing an update/delete/insert with the CONTAINERS() clause, seems to be implemented with implicit database links. Connecting through a database link requires a password and this blog post is about an error you may encounter: ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied