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DBMS_STATS

EXPORT not GATHER with DBMS_STATS

Just a short post today on something that came in as a question for the upcoming Office Hours session which I thought could be covered quickly in a blog post without needing a lot of additional discussion for which Office Hours is more suited to.

The question was:

“When I gather statistics using DBMS_STATS, can I just create a statistic table and pass that as a parameter to get the results of the gather”

And the answer simply is “No” Smile but let me clear up the confusion.

How Not to Collect Optimizer Statistics in an Application Engine Program

I was told about a PeopleSoft customer experiencing an Oracle error when collecting statistics during an Application Engine.

#eeeeee; border: 0px solid #000000; font-family: courier new; font-size: 100%; overflow: auto; padding-left: 4px; padding-right: 4px; width: 95%;">ORA-06533: Subscript beyond count 
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_STATS"…

It is possibly a manifestation of a database bug. The workaround was not to use AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE, so instead, this customer initially coded an explicit call to DBMS_STATS.GATHER_TABLE_STATS with a specific sample size.
This blog is not about the bug, but how to manage the workaround.

Managing Cost-Based Optimizer Statistics for PeopleSoft

I gave this presentation to UKOUG PeopleSoft Roadshow 2018

PeopleSoft presents some special challenges when it comes to collecting and maintaining the object statistics used by the cost-based optimizer.

Queue-based Concurrent Stats Prototype Implementation

This is just a prototype of a queue-based concurrent statistics implementation - using the same basic implementation I've used a a couple of years ago to create indexes concurrently.There are reasons why such an implementation might be useful - in 11.2.0.x the built-in Concurrent Stats feature might turn out to be not really that efficient by creating lots of jobs that potentially attempt to gather statistics for different sub-objects of the same table at the same time - which can lead to massive contention on Library Cache level due to the exclusive Library Cache locks required by DDL / DBMS_STATS calls.In 12.1 the Concurrent Stats feature obviously got a major re-write by using some more intelligent processing what and how should be processed concurrently - some of the details are exposed via the new view DBA_OPTSTAT_OPERATION_TASKS, but again I've seen it running lots of very

DBMS_STATS - Gather statistics on tables with many columns - 12c update

This is just a short 12c update on my post about gathering statistics on tables with many columns from some time ago.I'm currently investigating the "Incremental Statistics" feature in 12.1.0.2 for a client, which probably will be worth one or more other posts, but since we're still in the process of evaluating and installing various patches it's too early to write about that.As part of the investigation I've noticed a significant change in behaviour in 12.1.0.2 compared to previous versions when it comes to gathering statistics on tables with many columns, hence this post here.The key message of the original post was that DBMS_STATS needs potentially several passes when gathering statistics on tables with many columns, which meant a significant increase in overall work and resource consumption, exaggerated by the fact that tables with that many colu

Gathering statistics in 10.2.0.5+ and 11.2.0.2+ encounters strange waits

It appears that, somewhere in the 10.2.0.5 and 11.2.0.2 patchsets, Oracle introduced some additional unwanted functionality to the “GATHER_*_STATS” procedures in the DBMS_STATS package.

I have been working on a customer’s 11.2.0.3.0 database supporting a data-mart application where the data loading programs call DBMS_STATS.GATHER_TABLE_STATS as a concluding part of load processing, which means that the procedure gets called a *lot*.

We noticed that some calls to the same procedure were waiting excessively on the event “enq: TX – allocate ITL entry” and being blocked by sessions calling similar DBMS_STATS procedures, themselves in turn waiting excessively on the event “row cache lock” on data dictionary tables like SYS.CON$ (i.e. underlying the DBA_CONSTRAINTS view) and SYS.WRI$_OPTSTAT_SYNOPSIS_HEAD$.

Maintaining Optimizer Statistics on PeopleSoft on Oracle 11g

I have been considering how to collect optimizer statistics for a PeopleSoft system running on an Oracle 11g database.  Despite 11g being several years old, most of my current customers are still using 10g, though some are looking at the upgrade to 11g.  I believe a slightly different approach is required.

In 2009, I wrote a series of blog postings on the subject of collecting statistics.  However these were all based on Oracle 10g.  I proposed a PL/SQL package that would use meta-data in a database table to determine how to collect statistics on a table, or deliberate supress collection of statistics.

Maintaining Optimizer Statistics on PeopleSoft on Oracle 11g

I have been considering how to collect optimizer statistics for a PeopleSoft system running on an Oracle 11g database.  Despite 11g being several years old, most of my current customers are still using 10g, though some are looking at the upgrade to 11g.  I believe a slightly different approach is required.

In 2009, I wrote a series of blog postings on the subject of collecting statistics.  However these were all based on Oracle 10g.  I proposed a PL/SQL package that would use meta-data in a database table to determine how to collect statistics on a table, or deliberate supress collection of statistics.

Incremental Partition Statistics Review

Introduction

Here is a summary of the findings while evaluating Incremental Partition Statistics that have been introduced in Oracle 11g.

The most important point to understand is that Incremental Partition Statistics are not "cost-free", so anyone who is telling you that you can gather statistics on the lowest level (partition or sub-partition in case of composite partitioning) without any noticeable overhead in comparison to non-incremental statistics (on the lowest level) is not telling you the truth.

Although this might be obvious I've already personally heard someone making such claims so it's probably worth to mention.

In principle you need to test on your individual system whether the overhead that is added to each statistics update on the lowest level outweighs the overhead of actually gathering statistics on higher levels, of course in particular on global level.

Distinctly Odd (Update)

Greg Rahn points out that the improved NDV estimation arrives in 11.1 not 11.2 (which my article distinctly odd implies) see http://structureddata.org/2007/09/17/oracle-11g-enhancements-to-dbms_stats/ for more on this.