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An introduction to Performance Co Pilot, part 2.

This second blogpost on Performance Co Pilot or PCP in short is about visualisation. In case you haven’t read the first part, here it is, which describes how it works, why you should use it, and how you can install it.

One way of visualising PCP is using the pmchart utility. The pmchart utility is installed via the pcp-gui package (yum install pcp-gui). The pmchart utility uses X to display a window and draw lines, bar graphs, area graphs, etc. in a sense alike the performance manager on Microsoft Windows. You can select the individual performance statistics PCP measures, which can be viewed and investigated with pminfo, for example kernel.all.cpu.user:

# pminfo -dT kernel.all.cpu.user

    Data Type: 64-bit unsigned int  InDom: PM_INDOM_NULL 0xffffffff
    Semantics: counter  Units: millisec
total user CPU time from /proc/stat for all CPUs, including guest CPU time

Use ‘pminfo’ without any argument to get a list of available statistics.

When I tried the pmchart utility on OL7.2, I needed to install the dejavu-sans fonts in order not to get black squares as letters in the pmchart window (yum install dejavu-sans-fonts). Also, there are pre-created ‘views’ for filesystem, load, memory, etc. (file, open view). This is very nice, it requires you to log on to a host to investigate with X tunnelled to your system (or have VNC setup), start pmchart and select metrics or open a view, and then record them. It doesn’t seem to be possible to use the archives pmlogger creates for historical analysis, nor it doesn’t seem to be able to save the recorded data, only the graphics that are created based on the selected statistics or using a view as a picture.
Note: upon reading the documentation, it turns out it is possible to use archives. This means you can pick up an archive from a machine and load it using pmchart locally.

However, there are different ways of investigating a host via PCP statistics… The pcp-webapi package provides exactly what the name suggests: a deamon that externalises PCP data via a web based (REST) API. Here’s how that installed:
There is a caveat: the pcp-webapi package is in the ‘optional latest’ repository, which might not be enabled. You can use ‘yum repolist all’ to see all configured repositories.

# yum install --enablerepo="ol7_optional_latest" pcp-webapi

After installing, you need to enable automatic startup (using systemctl in OL7) and start it:

# systemctl enable pmwebd
# systemctl start pmwebd

At this point I need to point out that starting pmwebd means a daemon starts at port 44323 for HTTP requests, which does not provide any authentication. If the host you are using is directly connected to the internet, you should protect this port and do not allow access. The best to use this port is using a tunnel.

This, however, just enables the API, it doesn’t provide anything that displays data useful for a person. That is done when you add the pcp-webjs package:

# yum install --enablerepo="ol7_optional_latest" pcp-webjs

This installs 3 webapps: vector, graphite and grafana.

Vector ( is a web based application that is written in javascript that fetches current data from the pcp webapi and creates graphs from it. You can use the vector app that is installed as part of the pcp-webjs package together with PCP, or start it up from somewhere else, as an example, the documentation mentions putting the app in an Amazon S3 bucket. If it’s started from somewhere else, you need to point vector to the PCP webapi of the machine you want to investigate because your browser, which runs vector, needs to have access to port 44323 to fetch data from the webapi. To use vector that is installed with PCP using the pcp-webjs package, point your browser to http://hostname:44323/vector and specify the hostname or ip address at “Hostname”. This is how that looks like:
vector 600w, 150w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
Vector displays PCP measured statistics about CPU, memory, network, disk and even about containers, with an high resolution (2 seconds by default).

Grafana ( installed with the webjs package is a web based application that takes an approach opposite to vector, it fetches the data from the archives created by pmlogger and displays the statistics stored in these. The default dashboard displays the 1 minute load average, network I/O, disk reads and writes, memory statistics and filesystem fullness. The different colours in the graphs over time indicate different PCP archives being used, because by default PCP archives store data per day. To use grafana, point your browser to http://hostname:44323/grafana. This is how that looks like:
grafana 600w, 150w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />